Volume 9, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 13-18
Intelligent Arduino Based Automatic Solar Tracking System Using Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) and Servo Motor
Rufai Hassan, Department of Computer Engineering, School of Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Nigeria
Bashir Abubakar, Department of Computer Engineering, School of Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 18, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 14, 2020;       Published: Dec. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.optics.20200902.11      View  67      Downloads  34
With the advancement of technology things are becoming Simpler and easier in every aspect of life. Automation is the use of control systems and information technologies to reduce the need for human work. Sun is an abundant source of energy and this solar energy can be harnessed successfully using solar photovoltaic cells and photovoltaic effect to convert solar energy into electrical energy. But the conversion efficiency of a normal Photovoltaic (PV) cell is low. One of the main reason for this is that the output of Photovoltaic (PV) cell is dependent directly on the light intensity and with the position of the sun in the sky changing continuously from time to time; the absorption efficiency of an immobile solar panel would be significantly less at certain time of the day and year; for the solar photovoltaic cells are maximum productive when they are perpendicular to the sun and less productive otherwise. So to maximize the energy generation and improve the efficiency; intelligent solar trackers come into play. This paper presents the design and construction of an intelligent Arduino Based solar tracking system using Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) and Servo-motor for tracking the movement of the sun so as to get maximum power from the solar panels as they follow the sun. It uses Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) to sense the position of the sun which is communicated to a Arduino Uno microcontroller which then commands a set of two servo-motors to re-orient the panel in order to stay perpendicular to the sun rays. The design was constructed successfully and tested.
Microcontroller Arduino Board, Photovoltaic Panel, Proteus Program, Sensors Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs), Servo Motor
To cite this article
Rufai Hassan, Bashir Abubakar, Intelligent Arduino Based Automatic Solar Tracking System Using Light Dependent Resistors (LDRs) and Servo Motor, Optics. Vol. 9, No. 2, 2020, pp. 13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20200902.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chee-Yee Chong, Mori, S. Barker, W. H and Kuo-Chu Chang (2000) “Architectures and Algorithms for Track Association and Fusion”, IEEE Transaction, Volume 15, Issue 1, Jan. 2000, Page(s): 5-13.
Cemil Sungur (2007) “Sun –Tracking System with PLC Control for Photo-Voltaic Panels” International Journal of Green Energy, Vol. 4, 2007, Page(s): 635–643.
Antonio L. and Steven H. (2005) “Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering”, Wiley.
Mohammed S., Mizanuel S., Rafe S. and Taufik S. (2011) “Solar Tracking System” National Conference on Electronic Technologies.
Theraja B. L. and Theraja A. K. (2009): A Textbook of Electrical Technology, 23rd Edition, S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi.
Lee C., Chou P., Chiang C. and Lin C. (2009) “Sun Tracking Systems: A Review”, Sensors.
Plesz B., Sagi P. and Timar-Howath V. (2009) “Enhancement of Solar Panels” Power Generation by the Usage of Solar Tracking”, Proceedings of ECOpole, Vol. 3.
Arduino. Arduino board MEGA [Online]. Italy: Arduino URL: http://arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoard Accessed 17 July (2017).
International Engineering consortium https://www.iec.org/
Salem FA. Mechatronics Design of Solar Tracking System. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology. 2013; 3 (3): 750-762.
Gustafsson M, Dipasquale C, Poppi S, Bellini A, Fedrizzi R, Bales C, Ochs F, Sié M, Holmberg S. Economic and environmental analysis of energy renovation packages for European office buildings. Energy Build. 2017; 148 (2): 155–165.
Fathabadi H. Novel high efficient offline sensorless dual-axis solar tracker for using in photovoltaic systems and solar concentrators. Renew Energy. 2016; 95 (4): 485–494.
Wu J, Chen X, Wang L. Design and Dynamics of a Novel Solar Tracker With Parallel Mechanism. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics. 2016; 21 (1): 88-97.
Spertino F, Ahmad J, Ciocia A, Di Leo P. Techniques and Experimental Results for Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic Modules Installed in Buildings. 8th International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings. Turin. 2017; 111: 944-953.
Al-Rousan N, Nor A, Mohd K. Advances in solar photovoltaic tracking systems: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2018; 82 (1): 2548-2569.
Amaize P, Adoghe A, Awosope C, Stanley U, Sanni T, Victor I. Arduino Based Solar Tracking System For Energy Improvement Of Pv Solar Panel. International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management. Washington DC. 2018: 2469-2478.
Zhang K, Si C, Zhu Z, Guo C, Shi Q. A Two-Dimensional Solar Tracking Stationary Guidance Method Based on Feature-Based Time Series. Journal of Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2018; 2018: 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/3420649.
Lo CK, Lim YS, Rahman FA. New integrated simulation tool for the optimum design of bifacial panel with reflectors panels on a specific site. Renew Energy. 2015; 81 (3): 293–307.
Hong T, Jeong K, Ban C, Oh J, Koo C, Kim J, Lee M. A preliminary study on the two-axis hybrid solar tracking method for the smart photovoltaic blind. Energy Procedia. 2016; 88 (6): 484–490.
Batayneh W, Owais A, Nairoukh M. An intelligent fuzzy based tracking controller for a dual-axis solar PV system. Automation in Construction. 2013; 29 (3): 100–106.
Duarte F, Gaspar P, Gonc L. Two axis solar tracker based on solar maps controlled by a low-power microcontroller. Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal. 2010; 1 (8): 411–415.
Yao Y, Hu Y, Gao S, Yang G, Du J. A multipurpose dual-axis solar tracker with two tracking strategies. Journal of Renewable Energy. 2014; 72 (5): 88–98.
Wang M, Lu C. Design and implementation of a sun tracker with a dual-axis single motor for an optical sensor-based photovoltaic system. Sensors. 2013; 13 (3): 3157–3168.
Chhoton AC, Chakraborty NR. Dual Axis Solar Tracking System-A Comprehensive Study: Bangladesh Context. 4th International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering. Dhaka. 2017: 2378-2692.
Browse journals by subject